Clomid, also known as Clomiphene, is a prescription drug used to improve fertility in women. Men can also benefit from the drug. Clomid works by stimulating the release of eggs in women while it facilitates the production of sperms in men. In women, the drug is often prescribed for those suffering from Polycystic Ovarian-Syndrome, a condition characterized by irregular or the absence of ovulation.
Clomid can be classified under the broader category of drugs called selective estrogen-receptor modulators, or SERMs. When taken by women suffering from polycystic ovarian-syndrome, SERMs work by binding to the target areas outside the cells where estrogen would normally bind. For them to bind effectively on the outside of such cells, they either work by increasing or decreasing estrogen effects.
Effects Of Clomid On Men And Women
Clomid has been used for years to encourage the production of sperms. However, it is important to remember that much of the positive feedback the drug has garnered with respect to increased sperm production is merely anecdotal. There are still lots of active scientific and clinical studies around the effectiveness of the drug with sperm production. Even worse is the fact that extended Clomid use among men is linked to tumors in testicles and enlarged breasts. There are also reports indicating certain athletes use Clomid as a performance-enhancement drug. This saw agencies like National Football-League completely ban the use of the substance. Therefore, it is imperative that you talk to your doctors before using the drug for your fertility issues.
It is among women that Clomid gets much of the praise. The drug is believed to not only improve fertility but also improve the chances of multiple births. According to anecdotal reports, the drug can increase your chances of conceiving twins by about 10 percent. However, even with these remarkable promises for women, the drug does not come without its fair share of risks. First, expectant mothers should not use Clomid at all cost. This is because it can harm the unborn baby and even lead to miscarriages or birth defects. The drug could also slow down the breast milk production process, or pass through the breast milk and further harm the suckling infants. Like is the case with men, a general convention is to discuss with your doctor before going on a prescription of Clomid.
Who Should Not Take Clomid?
The following is a list of people that should not take Clomid before checking out with their physicians. Those who:
- Are allergic to Clomid use or any ingredients used in manufacturing clomiphene.
- Have suffered injury to their head;
- Are pregnant or breastfeeding;
- Have a tumor in their pituitary glands;
- Have an adrenalin-gland disorder;
- Are suffering from liver disease;
- Have cysts in their ovaries other than those related to PCOS;
- Experience abnormal uterine bleeding caused by an infection such as endometrial cancer.
How Clomid Reacts With Alcohol
Clomid and alcohol may present some of the most adverse reactions ever. This explains why experts discourage drinking while on Clomid prescription. The following are some of the ways through which alcohol may interact with clomid.
First and foremost, it is important to remember that alcohol is a depressant. Therefore, it directly impacts our brain. As you probably already know, the brain controls all functions of the human body. It, therefore, goes without saying that a pint of alcohol is enough to impair the functions of the brain. As such, the brain will respond less effective when it comes to establishing an enabling environment for Clomid to assist with increased fertility. Instead of regulating estrogen, the drug might end up throwing the level of estrogen in your body off balance. As a result, there would be no meaningful improvements with your fertility.
Another reason why you should not drink on Clomid is that alcohol worsens the side effects presented by the drug. It is important to remember that alcohol and Clomid both lead to similar side effects such as nausea, vomiting, and dizziness. Though these may not sound like serious conditions, the following are some more serious side effects of Clomid that could be worsened by alcohol:
- Vision problems such as seeing floaters, having blind spots and blurry vision which could degenerate to a total loss of vision.
- Hot flashes.
- Insomnia followed by impaired focus, attention and generalized fatigue.
- Breast tenderness.
- Recurrent and persistent headaches. These are often preceded with scintillating scotoma.
- Ovarian inflammations coupled with persistent pain in the pelvic area.
- Bleeding in your uterus from causes other than the menstrual cycle.
- Pain and inflammation in your stomach and the entire abdominal area, especially near your ovaries.
- Multiple pregnancies (which as you know is not always good news).
- Ectopic pregnancy i.e. the development of the fetus outside the uterus, for instance in the fallopian tubes.
- Increased chances of developing ovarian cancer.
- Increased chances of developing Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS), a condition characterized by swelling and pain in the pelvis or abdomen.
- Increased chances of birth defects such as spina bifida, cardiovascular abnormalities, and cleft palate.
Thirdly, when used alongside Clomid, alcohol will impair the rate at which the drug is broken down by the liver and absorbed into the bloodstream. When you take alcohol, especially as a regular or heavy drinker, the liver will need to produce more enzymes to break down the alcohol. Considering how difficult it is to get rid of alcohol, such enzymes are normally secreted in large amounts. But once they are produced, they do not only increase the breaking down alcohol but also drugs like Clomid. Therefore, much of the drug will be rendered useless by these very enzymes.
Lastly, and most importantly, alcohol leads to liver damage. In fact, liver damage has been mentioned as the most certain organ damage caused by alcohol and drug abuse. And considering enzyme secretion as one of the most common functions of the liver, it goes without saying that a body with a damaged liver will be less efficient at performing virtually all the major physiological functions. When you take Clomid after heavy alcohol use, much of it may never make it past the breaking down phase. You may not necessarily experience side effects, but the purpose for which the drug was intended will not be achieved either.
And there goes our comprehensive guide on lomid and alcohol interactions. Some key takeaways are that much of the drug’s effectiveness is based on anecdotal as opposed to empirical evidence.
And secondly, the drug interacts adversely with alcohol, so it is imperative to always consult your physician before going on a Clomid prescription.